Contents

    Jansenists

    The Jansenists were a religious sect who emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination. Vehemently opposed by the Jesuits and the state, in 1749 the King rooted out many cells of Jansenists around Paris.

    They believe the nobility and the monarchy to be fountains of sin and depravity.

    Jesuits

    The Society of Jesus, or 'Jesuits' were formed as an evangelistic order of poverty, chastity and obedience. The first Jesuits founded schools throughout Europe. Jesuit teachers were trained in both classical studies and theology, and their schools reflected this. They sent out missionaries across the globe to evangelize those peoples who had not yet heard the Gospel, founding missions in widely diverse regions. At this point they were not considered a great enemy by the Holy See, though Rome was suspicious of them as they grew in power. In 1750 whispers had begun in courts across Europe to have the Jesuits disbanded.

    The Jesuits hoped to see Louis XV deposed in favour of the Dauphin, a more serious young man with strong morals.

    Huguenots

    Not all of the Huguenot cabal were ethnically Huguenots, but they were all in favour of religious freedom and equality. The Huguenot cabal spent much time attempting to smuggle property and funds out of France to the Protestant owners. They are viewed as heretics by all Catholics. Huguenots will have connections in Protestant lands - England, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, and Prussia.

    They are opposed to Catholic supremacy, and in favour of religious freedom.

    Freemasons

    During the ceremony of initiation, the candidate is expected to swear to fulfil certain obligations as a Mason. In the course of three degrees, new masons will promise to keep the secrets of their degree from lower degrees and outsiders, and to support a fellow Mason in distress (as far as practicality and the law permit). A number of Papal pronouncements have been issued against Freemasonry based on the allegation that Masonry teaches a naturalistic deistic religion which is in conflict with Church doctrine. The first was Pope Clement XII's In eminenti apostolatus, 28 April 1738.

    Closely connected to the salons and coffee-houses of the cities, the Freemasons espoused Enlightenment ideals.

    Le Secret du Roi

    The King’s Secret - King Louis XV’s network of secret diplomats and intelligence agents. Louis XV's secret diplomacy was born from the secret candidacy of the Prince de Conti to the Polish Throne, as he could not involve France in this while in the middle of the War of Austrian Succession. The secret network originally employed 32 people, led initially by cardinal Fleury and then by Charles-Francois de Broglie and Jean-Pierre Tercier. Famous agents included the Chevalier d'Eon, Pierre de Beaumarchais, Charles Théveneau de Morande, and Louis de Noailles.