Le Compact du Orléans (et le Maison d'Orléans)

    House of Orléans - Expansion and Empire

    When France colonised America, its capital was named la Nouvelle-Orléans in honour of Louis XV's regent, the duke of Orléans, and was settled with French inhabitants against the threat from British troops to the north-east.

    The House of Bourbon-Orléans was founded in the 1660s as a junior branch of the royal Bourbon line, by Prince Philippe, the younger son of King Louis XIII and younger brother of King Louis XIV, known as the Sun King.

    The Compact of Orléans, supported by the noble house of Orléans, favours expansion of French influence across the globe, specifically in North America.

    Duc D'Orléans
    The Compact of Orleans might find common ground with the Compact of Marseille due to the necessity of trade outposts to support empire expansion. They may also find common ground with the Compact of Bordeaux.

    Le Compact du Marseille (et le Maison de Broglie)

    House Broglie - Free Trade and Mercantilism

    The Great Plague of Marseille was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague. Arriving in Marseille, France in 1720, the disease killed a total of 100,000 people: 50,000 in the city during the next two years and another 50,000 to the north in surrounding provinces and towns. Despite the large number of deaths, Marseille recovered quickly from the plague outbreak. Economic activity took only a few years to recover, as trade expanded to the West Indies and Latin America.

    The members of the Compact of Marseille are strongly mercantile and believe that free international trade is the way to a strong economy.

    Duc de Broglie
    They may find common ground with the expansionist Compact of Orleans, to spread trade and gain wealth across the world. However, they may also find common ground with the Compact of Bordeaux who believe that a strong France wields a strong economy.

    Le Compact du Bordeaux (et le Maison de Condé)

    House Condé - Protectionism and Defence

    The 18th century was the golden age of Bordeaux. Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he once said: "Take Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux".

    In an uncertain time on an uncertain continent, the Compact of Bordeaux believe that the strength and defence of France itself is more important than claiming territory in North America (and angering Great Britain in the process). They believe that France is supreme among the nations of Europe.

    The Prince of Conti

    Le Compact du Lorraine (et le Maison de Leszczyński)

    House Leszczyński - Trade Protection and Isolationism

    After King Stanislaw of Poland was deposed, he was granted the Duchy of Lorraine. He proved to be a good administrator and promoted economic development, particularly within the textile industry.

    The Compact du Lorraine believe that it is most important that French craftsmen are protected, and want to increase import tariffs to prevent foreign goods flooding the market.

    Stanisław Leszczyński, Duc de Lorraine

    The Clergy

    Traditionalism and Order, loyal to Pope Benedict XIV

    The First Estate comprised the entire clergy, traditionally divided into "higher" and "lower" clergy. Although there was no formal demarcation between the two categories, the upper clergy were, effectively, clerical nobility, from the families of the Second Estate.

    Louis XIV had placed all church property in France under the control of the State, rather than Rome, which had angered the Holy See. His persecution of non-Catholics went some way to smoothing that over.

    The clergy believe that a strong church is important to maintain order in the country, and seek to increase the support for and subservience to the Holy See.

    Christophe de Beaumont, Archbishop of Paris


    Individual liberty and religious tolerance, in opposition to an absolute monarchy and the fixed dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.

    The Enlightenment was marked by an emphasis on the scientific method and reductionism, along with increased questioning of religious orthodoxy—an attitude captured by the phrase Sapere aude, "Dare to know"

    Few were primarily philosophers; rather, philosophes were public intellectuals who applied reason to the study of many areas of learning, including philosophy, history, science, politics, economics, and social issues. They had a critical eye and looked for weaknesses and failures that needed improvement. They promoted a "republic of letters" that crossed national boundaries and allowed intellectuals to freely exchange books and ideas.


    The Military

    Loyal to King Louis XV and the House of Bourbon

    The Musketeers were among the most prestigious of the military companies of the Ancien Régime, and in principle membership in the companies was reserved for nobles. With the reforms of Michel le Tellier – which mandated a certain number of years of military service before nobles could attain the rank of officer – many nobles sought to do this service in the privileged Musketeer companies.

    With the founding of the Ecole Militaire in 1750, many young nobles found themselves as peacocking officers at the Royal Court.

    Comte D'Argenson